|Santa Eulàlia Festival Barcelona 2017|
|Written by festivals|
Santa Eulalia Festival
Santa Eulalia festival Barcelona. Friday 10th to Sunday 12th February 2017. Many of the main events are on Sunday 14th February including human castle building and correfoc fireruns. See Santa Eulàlia highlights and programme below
'Les Festes de Santa Eulàlia' is Barcelona’s biggest annual festival for children. The festival of Santa Eulàlia is also known as "La Laia" festival. Laia is a nickname for Eulalia. The main Santa Eulalia festival events take place every year on the days around 12th February, which is Santa Eulàlia's day.
On Santa Eulalia's day at 9.45 an important tradition is the raising of the flag "Penó de Santa Eulàlia," which is a reproduction of an old penant flag of Barcelona, on the balcony of City Hall on Plaça de Sant Jaume and followed by the opening speech called the 'pregó de Santa Eulàlia.'
The Santa Eulàlia festival programme features activities concerts, processions, open house events and other activities of all kinds, mostly for children. The festival takes place at many venues all over Barcelona but it is mostly in the Ciutat Vella old city of Barcelona. The programme for the Santa Eulalia festiival includes many typical Catalan traditions like parades with gegants and other fantasy figures. You can see castellers human tower building, Catalan sardanes folk dancing, correfoc fire-runs and many other activities including story-telling, puppets, family workshops, talks, concerts and more. Many museums have an open house day during Santa Eulalia and some are free to visit during the entire festival period.
Once again in 2017 you can enjoy the festival of light LlumBCN - Barcelona Light Festival which takes place during the Santa Eulalia festival days.
Music plays an very important part in the festival and throughout the festivities, music schools, choirs and children's orchestras perform around the city of Barcelona. "La Laia" also usually includes a children's photography competition called the "Foto Laia" and the “Premis Ciutat de Barcelona” awards for shopkeepers at the end of the festival. Each year there is a new poster for the Santa Eulàlia festival.
Santa Eulàlia is patron of the cathedral and co-patron saint of the city of Barcelona. She is also patron saint of sailors and invoked against miscarriages, against drought, rain, mariners and safe sailing. The story of the child virgin saint Saint Eulàlia (ca. 290-303) is a gruesome tale.
Legend has it that she was a thirteen-year-old Christian girl, who lived in a farmhouse - called "un mas" in Catalan - in what is now the district of Sarria, which in those times was in the countryside outside the walled city of Barcelona.
Eulalia became a martyr in Barcelona during the persecution of Christians in the reign of Roman emperor Diocletian for protesting to the Roman governor Dacianus against the persecution of Christians, which led to her being cruelly tortured for refusing to recant her Christian faith.
The Romans subjected her to not just one ordeal, but thirteen different and gruesome tortures the most infamous of which was putting her naked into a barrel with filled with glass and embedded knives and rolling it down sloping streets. This streets are in Barcelona's gothic area and called Carrer de Sant Sever and then Baixada de Santa Eulalia which means "Saint Eulalia's descent." Other cruel tortures that Eulalia was subjected to including cutting off her breasts, crucifying her on an X-shaped cross 'crux decussata' and other barbaric deeds until her decapitation.
It is said that a dove flew out from her neck after she lost her head. Eulàlia is commemorated with many statues and street names throughout Barcelona and she represents justice, solidarity and youth. She is a co-patron saint of Barcelona along with "la Mare de Déu de la Mercè."
Eulalia died on 12th February in the year 303 and this date is now celebrated every year as Saint Eulàlia’s day. Eulalia's body was first interred in a church originally called 'Santa Maria de les Arenes' - St. Mary of the Sands. which was located on the present site of the gothic basilica Santa Maria del Mar - St. Mary of the Sea church in the Ribera/Born area of Barcelona. Her remains were hidden in 713 during the Moorish invasion, and only recovered again in 874.
On 23rd November 874 her remains were ordered to be moved to Barcelona's cathedral - Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia - by Bishop Frodoinus. And in 1339 they were moved again this time into the crypt of Barcelona Cathedral, where they remain to this day.
The crypt for Santa Eulàlia's remains was designed by maestro de obras Jaime Fabre. Lupo di Francesco created the alabaster sarcophagus. Legend has it that during the procession to move the bones of Santa Eulalia to their final resting place, an angel came down when the procession reached the Plaça de l'Àngel and confronted one of the clergymen, who confessed to having stolen a toe from the bones of Santa Eulalia.
In the area where Eulalia came from which at the time was outside the city of Barcelona, there were many geese on the fields. This is why you can see a gaggle of thirteen white geese, one goose for each year of Eulalia's short life, in the cloister of Barcelona cathedral in the "Well of the Geese" - "Fuente de las Ocas." Visit the official website below (in Catalan and Spanish) for more information about events or visit your local library, civic centre and market, where there you can find information about activities during the festival in your area of Barcelona.
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