|Pictures Parc de la Ciutadella|
Pictures Parc de la Ciutadella
The Ciutadella Park Barcelona was opened to the public in 1877 on the site of a former citadel garrison fort, which was built to after Catalonia rebelled against Spain and were defeated in 1714 in the Spanish War of Sucession. After the city fell to Philip V he built the citadel which at the time was the largest fortress in Europe. Today the Ciutadella is Barcelona's oldest, biggest and most popular public park. In the summer months of June to August there are free evening jazz concerts usually at 22.00 on Wednesdays and Fridays nights. Ciutadella park has a small boating lake where you can rent rowing boats, and a wonderful fountain and waterfall called "La Cascada" which Antoni Gaudi helped to design when he was just a young architect. Ciutadella park is home to several museums and the Catalunya Parliament which is in the former arsenal of the old citadel fortress. Ciutadella Park was used as the site of the Barcelona 1888 World Exhibition prior to becoming a public park. It is often used for concerts and festivals.Ciutadella Park is also home to Barcelona Zoo which has a separate area and entrances.
Address Ciutadella Park Barcelona
Ciutadella is an oasis in Barcelona
Ciutadella park is a popular place for all kinds of activities
The boating lake in Parc de la Ciutadella
La Cascada fountain was renovated in 2010
La Cascada of Parc Ciutadella - the waterfall. This is a magnificent triumphal arch with a waterfall and fountains. It was built for the Barcelona 1888 Universal exhibition and took 6 years to finish. It was inspired by the Trevi Fountain in Rome and designed by Josep Fontsère, who was the chief architect of the Ciutadella park's conversion from a military citadel site into a public park. His assistent was a young Antoni Gaudí, who was just a student in 1888 and later would become Barcelona's most famous architect.
The "Umbraculum" - the Umbracle. This is a large conservatory structure with tropical plants. Lilke many other structures in the park, the Umbracle was built in 1988 for the Barcelona Universal Exhibition of 1888. It is in a rather sad state at the moment now and due for renovation. Sometimes it is open for special events.
The General Joan Prim equestrian statue is nicely situated at the end of an avenue of lime trees. Prim is commorated for demolishing the Ciutadella garrison, where the park is located. The current Prim statue is the second version. The original statue made by Lluís Puiggener from 1887 was melted down during the Spanish Civil war of 1936 to 1939. After the war ended a new statue was made by the sculptor Frederic Marès in 1940.
Seagulls love General Prim. The feeling is not mutual.
Park Ciutadella has many of Barcelona's cute, but noisy green parrot like birds calledmonk parakeets
The Stone Mammoth near the fountain. Norbert Font i Sagué was a Catalan geologist, speleologist and writer, who had the idea to exhibit great extinct animals with full size sculptures. This mammoth sculpture itself was made by sculptor Miquel Dalmau.
The Catalan Parliament in the former military arsenal building of the old citadel fortress
Much admired modernist sculpture called El Desconsol "Grief," in a small oval pond in front of the Catalan Parliament on the old "Pati d'Armes" parade ground in front of the old military arsenal. The sculpture is from 1903 by Catalan artist Josep Llimona.
Main entrance to Barcelona Zoo adjacent to the Catalan Parliament
Next to the umbracle there is a large structure called the "hivernacle." Hivernacle means greenhouse in Catalan. It was built by Josep Amargós in 1884 for the 1888 Universal Exhibition. Today it has a coffee shop and is used for concerts and exhibitions. Usually not open to the public but used for special events like La Merce festival.
"El Castell dels Tres Dragons" is a modernist building called "The Three Dragons Castle." designed by Catalan modernist architect Domènech i Montaner in 1887 for the Barcelona Universal Exhibition. The name is derived from the title of a comedy play by Serafí Pitarra. Since 1920 El Castell dels Tres Dragons has housed the Barcelona Zoology Museum which is part of several science museums including the Blue Museum at Parc del Forum, which all together form the Barcelona Natural Science Museum
The Parc de la Ciutadella plays a large role in many Barcelona festivals like the Merce Festival in September. In the photo below Ciutadella park hosts the "play me" pianos as part of the annual Maria Canals music competition
At the opposite end of the lime tree avenue Passeig Lluis Companys is the majestic Arc de Triomf. This was the gateway to the Barcelona 1888 Universal Exhibition. Barcelona was also offered the Eiffel tower as the gateway to the 1888 Universal Exhibition, but said no thanks and Paris later built the tower for their Universal Exhibition. The Arc de Triomf arch in Barcelona features sculptures by artists Josep Llimona, Josep Reynés, Torquat Tasso and Antoni Vilanova. The Passeig Lluis Companys is often used for events like festivals and concerts.
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