Barcelona Events 2017

Event Description

Diada Nacional de Catalunya

Dia festivo - public holiday in Catalonia and Barcelona

Event date:  Monday 11th September 2017
Event location: Various locations in Barcelona and Catalunya

Diada de l'Onze de Setembre, Diada Nacional de Catalunya. Catalunya National Day. Onze de setembre is the Catalunya National Day and a public holiday both in Barcelona and Catalonia region of Spain. There is quite strong support among part of the Catalan population to achieve full independence from Spain and there are many nationalist organisations that organise events to promote independence from Spain on 11th September. The two biggest nationalist organisations, who usually organise separatist protest marches and demonstrations on 11th September are the Catalan National Assembly (ANC) and the Òmnium Cultural. Their demomonstrations usually start at 5pm - 17.00 and are also marked at 17.14 hours - to reference the year 1714 - when Catalonia lost its ancient autonomous rights when the city was defeated in the Spanish war of Succession.

Please note that these demonstrations can cause traffic disruptions in the city center from 15:00 - 3pm in the afternoon, so visitors and residents alike are advised to use public transport to get to the city and around the city and to check with Diada public transport information for news of changes to schedules and on the police Guardia Urbana Twitter page. Avoid use of private cars in the city center in the afternoon and evening.

The Catalan National holiday was first celebrated on 11th September 1886. During the dictatorship of Fransisco Franco it was officially suppressed from 1939. The Catalan autonomous community government reinstated the event in 1980 a full five years after Franco's death in 1975. Now Barcelona celebrates the Diada Nacional de Catalunya (often just called 'La Diada') at many locations in the city and it is marked throughout the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia. 

Catalonia is a region in Spain which is south of the eastern Pyrenees mountain range.It has a northern border with France. Politically Catalonia is called an Autonomous Community, like all the 17 regions of Spain. Catalania considers that its people are a separate nationality from Spain although many feel they are both Spanish and Catalan. Catalonia as a region has four provinces: Barcelona, Tarragona, Girona and Lleida and a population of over 7 million people. A large percentage of the people can speak Catalonia's own language, Catalan and nearly everybody speaks Spanish making Spanish the most spoken language in Catalonia.

In 2017 an estimated 350,000 people have registered to participate in protest demonstrations on 11th September in five different cities in Catalonia autonomous community of Spain which are Barcelona, Salt, Berga, Lleida and Tarragona.

The diada is often referred to as Catalonia's independence day, but actually the 11th September marks the siege and final fall of Barcelona in 11th September 1714, when Catalunya was on the losing side of the Spanish war of Sucession. Catalonia fought in support of the Habsburg dynasty's claim to the Spanish throne who were defeated by the Bourbons. The siege of Barcelona lasted 14 months. When the House of Austria withdrew its support for the Catalans, the city of Barcelona fell to the Bourbons after a 14 month siege and Catalunya became unified with the rest of Spain under the “Nueva Planta” decree of 1716. The monument to Rafael Casanova i Comes in Barcelona is near the place, where it is believed, that he was wounded in battle on the last day of fighting in 1714. 

The Principality of Catalonia was not fully independent before the war, but was part of the Crown of Aragon and Spain. After the 1714 defeat to the Bourbon dynasty, Catalanya suffered the loss of much of its autonomy and under the “Nueva Planta” decree of 1716 they lost their special Catalan rights that the Crown of Aragon had previously held. From 1714 the Crown of Aragon was integrated fully with Spain and the Catalans and Catalan culture suffered oppression by the first Bourbon, King Philip V of Spain. 

What's on on Diada Nacional Catalonia National Day?

Open House events
Open house at Palau de la Generalitat on Plaça de Sant Jaume in gothic area from 10:30am to 6.30pm
Open house at Catalan parliament building in Parc de la Ciutadella from 10am to 7pm.
The MNAC Catalunya National Art Museum near Plaza Espanya free from 10am to 3pm
Free admission at MCH Catalonia History museum - Museu d'Historia de Catalunya from 10am to 2.30pm 
Free admission at Born Cultural Centre where at 11.30am you can enjoy a free half hour display of Catalan traditions including giants and human tower building. 

Ofrena floral al Monument de Rafael Casanova. 

A significant "Diada Nacional de Catalunya" tradition on 11th September attended by Catalunya's current and previous presidents, the Mayor of Barcelona and other city dignitaries is the ceremony at 09:00 of laying commemoration wreathes at the Rafael Casanova monument created by Rossend Nobas in 1886. The Rafael Casanova monument is at the junction of streets Carrer d'Alí Bei / Ronda de Sant Pere in Barcelona. Many citizens lay flowers on the Diada at the memorial plaza Fossar de les Moreres by the Santa Maria del Mar basilica in Barcelona'a Gothic Quarter, where 4,000 people, who died in the siege, were buried in a mass grave. It is now a public square but still a memorial to the fallen Catalans of the siege and has a torch of eternal flame. 

There is also a wreath laying ceremony at the tomb of Rafael Casanova in the church 'Iglesia de Sant Baldiri de Sant Boi' in the town of Sant Boi de Llobregat near Barcelona. Catalan hero Rafael Casanova was the 'Conseller en Cap' Prime Minister of the Catalan government and commander in chief of the Barcelona troops, when Barcelona unsuccessfully defended itself against the invading Bourbon army of Phillip of Anjou in 1714 during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Concerts 11th September Barcelona

There are concerts at 7pm at the independence festival Festa per la Llibertat at the Arc de Triomf monument on Passeig Lluís Companys.

If the Diada falls on a weekday local residents often take advantage of the holiday and leave the city for a long weekend called la 'Puente de la Diada.'

Feliç Diada a tots. Feliz Diada a todos. 

Tweet about this event
Barcelona Events Calendar
All public holidays in Barcelona
Festa per la Llibertat
Wikipedia Rafael Casanova
Wikipedia War of the Spanish Succession

© Copyright 
Do not copy from this page without permission.
All rights reserved

Event address & map


How to get to this venue

Barcelona Event 

Barcelona Events:
Diada Nacional - Catalunya National Day - Public holiday
Public holidays Barcelona and Spain